A history of the United States criminal justice system is a history of race relations in America. No aspect of the American criminal justice—from policing to the courts to corrections—is untouched by issues tied to race. This course will examine one of the most persistent and divisive issues in criminal justice—racial and ethnic incarceration disparity in the United States. In particular, the class will focus on examining the potential sources of this disparity—differential involvement, bias in administration, and bias in policy—and assessing what historical and contemporary evidence exists to support each explanation. In addition, this course will look at the social and political consequences of disproportionate minority involvement in the criminal justice system.